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Smoke Alarms

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  • For buildings built since 1 August 1997, smoke alarms must be connected (hard-wired) to the building's consumer mains power source, and also have a battery back-up.

  • For buildings built before 1 August 1997, battery-operated smoke alarms must be installed as a minimum.

Hard-wired smoke alarms may only be installed by qualified electricians. Anyone may install a battery-operated smoke alarm.

Battery-operated smoke alarms can be purchased from hardware stores at a minimal cost.

Who is responsible?

The property owner is responsible for ensuring the smoke alarms are fitted in accordance with the Building Regulations.

If you are renting a dwelling or unit, it is the landlord’s responsibility to ensure that smoke alarms are installed and kept in working condition.

Maintaining smoke alarms

Whether you are the owner or a tenant, you should:

  • Periodically check that your smoke alarms are working by pressing the small test button (refer to the manufacturer’s guidelines)
  • Replace your smoke alarm battery each year (if the battery is lithium ion, every ten years).

Smoke alarms are usually designed to emit a warning sound, such as a high-pitched single beep every 30 seconds, when the battery is nearly flat.

The Municipal Building Surveyor may issue an on-the-spot fine or prosecute any owner of a house or unit in the municipality who does not comply with smoke alarm regulations.

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Page Last Updated:

Wednesday, 8 June 2016 - 7:22pm


Council acknowledges the traditional Wadawurrung owners of this land. Council pays its respects to Wadawurrung Elders both past and present and extends that respect to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People who are part of Golden Plains Shire.